Although the Battle of Quebec is a famous battle that took place in the Revolutionary War, today I will be writing about the Battle of Quebec that took place in the Seven Years’ War in 1759. Some background information that will be helpful in understanding the battle further is that, throughout the 1750s British and France kept having conflicts due to French expansion into the Ohio River Valley. Long story short, the British Prime Minister, William Pitt, thought there could be great imperial expansion with a victory against France in North America, thus the outbreak of War.
In the Battle of Quebec the British defeated the French in dramatic fashion, by scaling the cliffs in Quebec, gaining victory in just about an hours time. This battle is important because less than a year later, England had control over Canada.
Newspaper articles from up and down the East Coast seemed to have been printing about the battle. Most of the articles also seem to be letters from soldiers fighting. However, one article I found on the Battle of Quebec is a list of deaths and who was wounded during the fight. Right after the headline saying the article is a list of names of wounded and killed is one name is all capitals, and the only name in capitals. That name is “General Wolfe”. This is significant because he was the General leading the British, but was fatally wounded during battle. The fact that his name is capitalized shows his importance. (1)
Continuing on the same theme, most of the articles I looked at, in some way, shape, or form, highlight how important General Wolfe really was. One article used the exact words of “Expressed their joy for the late glorious news of the reduction of Quebec by the brave General Wolfe…” The article also goes on to say the battle was a complete victory by the British. They did this by surprising them with the battle, according to the Boston Gazette. (2)
The Boston Post-Boy’s, really glorified the British victory over the French in Quebec, as well as the role of General Wolfe as well. The article goes into detail about “the great and glorious victory”. The article articulates how it was very important for General Wolfe to surprise his enemy, and in order to do this he needed many boats. Using boats as their transportation, they safely made it, and on the morning of Friday, September 13, the English surrounded the French, and immediately attacked and routed the enemy. Not only was this battle a physical victory in the sense of defeating the French, but with that victory came many possessions from the French. They got four 24 Pounders, or cannons. It was a “complete” victory for the British. (3)
Overall, the news on this event seems to be a lot about the brave General Wolfe, and just how easily England dominated the French in this battle. Every newspaper article I read about the Battle of Quebec, just kept commenting on the military genius of Wolfe. Rightfully so it seems, because he was the key to this very important victory to which ultimately put Canada in the Brits Empire. The news on this battle seemed to be reprinted a lot. For instance, there was one article written in Boston, but I found it reprinted in three different newspapers in New York, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island. Especially because this battle was part of a much larger war going on in the world, it got a fairly large amount of news coverage. Lastly, the coverage of this war seemed to last about four months after the original date. This is interesting because it took so long for the news to come out, and once it did come out, it seemed to be in papers for a while.
(1 )New-Hampshire Gazette, Portsmouth, NH, 10/28/1759
(2) The Boston Gazette, and Country Journal, Boston, 10/22/1759
(3) Boston Post-Boy, Boston, 10/28/1759